An appendicectomy is the removal of the appendix through a surgical procedure. Typically, this sort of procedure is used as a standard treatment for appendicitis, an inflammation of the appendix.
The appendix is a small pouch that is located on the lower right hand side of the abdomen and is attached to the large intestine. It is thought to have served a purpose in the digestive process at some point in our ancestral past, but its present functionality is not completely known. We do not need our appendix as it performs no obvious day-to-day functions within the body.
An inflamed appendix can be fatal if it bursts and releases bacteria into the abdominal cavity. Symptoms of appendicitis include vomiting,nausea, loss of appetite, central abdominal pain moving to the right lower abdomen and fever. The inflammation causes the lower right hand area of the abdomen to swell and become rigid. This inflammation is considerably painful and can make ordinary tasks like walking, simple movements or even coughing extremely painful.
An appendicectomy is the standard treatment for appendicitis as it is critical to remove the appendix before it perforates since this can lead to significant health complications – even death.
It is a relatively simply procedure involving a general anaesthesia. There are two surgical methods that your surgeon may opt to employ depending on your circumstances. Generally a laparoscopic (key-hole) appendicectomy is done. An open appendicectomy through an incision made in the lower right hand side of the stomach is sometimes required if the appendix cannot be removed laparoscopically.
The recovery time is minimal and usually you can go home the day after the surgery.