What Is A Hernia?
A hernia most commonly occurs within the abdominal cavity. Typically it is caused by a weakening of the abdominal cavity wall resulting in the protrusion of an organ through that weakening.
There are a number of reasons why an abdominal cavity wall may weaken. It can be congenital, natural weak spots like the groin, connective tissue disorders, chronic straining and pervious surgery.
The most common hernia is the inguinal hernia. This makes up 75% of all abdominal hernias and the subsequent need for a hernia operation. Inguinal hernias are a protrusion of the contents of the abdominal cavity through the inguinal canal. The inguinal canal is found in both males and females, within the lower abdominal wall.
In males, the inguinal canal is found near the spermatic cords as it holds up the testicles. In females, it supports the uterus. These canals are approximately 3-4 cm in length.
Mild pain or discomfort in the region (the groin) overlying where the inguinal hernia is a common symptom. The degree of pain can depend on the severity of the protrusion and if there is a restriction of blood flow to the organ. Hernia repair surgery is required to reduce the risk of complications like bowel strangulation and also improve a patient’s quality of life.
Inguinal hernias can be detected clinically or by ultrasound.
A hiatal hernia is the result when a section of the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm. The diaphragm is a muscle that enables us to breath by relaxing and tensioning as we inhale and exhale. It is also the muscle that spasms when we hiccup.
It separates the abdominal organs from the chest cavity. This type of hernia becomes more common with age. If it is present in a child or infant, it is likely due to a congenital defect that occurred when the foetus was developing in the womb. These sorts of hernias a typically responsible for gastroesophageal reflux – when the stomach contents refluxes in to the oesophagus causing heartburn.
An Umbilical hernia normally occurs in infants under the age of 6-months. The intestines protrude through their abdominal wall near where the umbilical cord was cut during birth. These types of hernias may not always require a hernia operation to repair the damage since the abdominal wall will naturally become stronger as the child ages.
It can also happen in adults and progressively increase in size.
Incisional hernias are causes by the weakening of your abdominal walls after you have undergone abdominal surgery. The scar tissue can often split or weaken causing the protrusion of organs from within your abdominal cavity.
There are several ways to seek hernia treatment. All of these are offered at Perth Weight Loss and Surgery. Treating hernias involves repairing the damaged cavity wall using keyhole surgery or an open incision. Both techniques usually employ usage of synthetic netting called ‘mesh’ to strengthen the repair and reduce chance of recurrent hernia formation.
Mr.Gounder has extensive experience in performing hernia surgery and will ensure you get the best treatment tailored to suit you.